Idghaam refers to the assimilation of one letter into the other. The rule of Idghaam will apply when the letters ومني are preceded by a Noon Saakin (نْ) or Tanween (ًٌٍ). The emphasis will be on the succeeding letter because of the presence of a Shaddah ( ّ) and will be read with Ghunna. The nasalization should not exceed the duration of two harakah. (2-3 second duration).

Examples:

ي

إِن يَقُولُونَ إِلَّا كَذِبًا

ي

جَنَّٰتُ عَدْنٍ يَدْخُلُونَهَا وَمَن صَلَحَ مِنْ ءَابَآئِهِمْ وَأَزْوَٰجِهِمْ

م

وَمَن يَرْغَبُ عَن مِّلَّةِ إِبْرَٰهِۦمَ إِلَّا مَن سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُۥ

م

وَيَقُولُ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ لَوْلَآ أُنزِلَ عَلَيْهِ ءَايَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِۦ

و

فَلَا مَرَدَّ لَهُۥ ۚ وَمَا لَهُم مِّن دُونِهِۦ مِن وَالٍ

و

إِنَّ ٱلْمُتَّقِينَ فِى جَنَّٰتٍ وَعُيُونٍ

ن

وَمَا كَانَ لَنَآ أَن نَّأْتِيَكُم بِسُلْطَٰنٍ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ ٱللَّهِ

ن

فَيَقُولُ ٱلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا۟ رَبَّنَآ أَخِّرْنَآ إِلَىٰٓ أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ نُّجِبْ دَعْوَتَكَ وَنَتَّبِعِ ٱلرُّسُلَ

With regard to the letters Laam (ل) and Raa (ر), the Idghaam will be without Ghunna, but assimilation takes place.

Examples:

ل

قَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ لِلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓا۟ أَنُطْعِمُ مَن لَّوْ يَشَآءُ ٱللَّهُ أَطْعَمَهُۥٓ

ل

هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

ر

أُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ

ر

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

In the examples below, assimilation will not take place due to a lack of a Shaddah ( ّ) on the Idghaam letters.

ي

يَعْلَمُونَ ظَٰهِرًا مِّنَ ٱلْحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ عَنِ ٱلْءَاخِرَةِ هُمْ غَٰفِلُونَ

ي

كَأَنَّهُم بُنْيَٰنٌ مَّرْصُوصٌ

و

وَنَخِيلٌ صِنْوَانٌ وَغَيْرُ صِنْوَانٍ يُسْقَىٰ بِمَآءٍ وَٰحِدٍ وَنُفَضِّلُ

و

وَمِنَ ٱلنَّخْلِ مِن طَلْعِهَا قِنْوَانٌ دَانِيَةٌ وَجَنَّٰتٍ

IDGHAAM MITHLAYN (Assimilation of the same kind)
This rule applies when two letters following each other are the same. The first letter has a Saakin ( ْ) and the second letter is vocal and has a Shaddah ( ّ) on it. When reciting the letters keep in mind that the Saakin letter becomes assimilated into the letter following it

ت

فَمَا رَبِحَت تِّجَٰرَتُهُمْ وَمَا كَانُوا۟ مُهْتَدِينَ

ك

أَيْنَمَا تَكُونُوا۟ يُدْرِككُّمُ ٱلْمَوْتُ وَلَوْ كُنتُمْ فِى بُرُوجٍ مُّشَيَّدَةٍ

د

وَإِذَا جَآءُوكُمْ قَالُوٓا۟ ءَامَنَّا وَقَد دَّخَلُوا۟ بِٱلْكُفْرِ وَهُمْ قَدْ خَرَجُوا۟ بِهِ

ع

سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأْوِيلِ مَا لَمْ تَسْتَطِع عَّلَيْهِ صَبْرًا

ذ

وَذَا ٱلنُّونِ إِذ ذَّهَبَ مُغَٰضِبًا فَظَنَّ أَن لَّن نَّقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ فَنَادَىٰ

و

وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَاوَوا۟ وَّنَصَرُوٓا۟ أُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَآءُ بَعْضٍ

IDGHAAM MUTAQAARIBAYN (Assimilation of letters with similar origin)
This rule applies when a letter in a word is Saakin ( ْ) and the letter following it has a Shaddah ( ّ). When pronounced it appears to be close to the same place of origin as the Saakin letter. The Saakin letter will assimilate with the vocal letter when recited.

ق ك

أَلَمْ نَخْلُقكُّم مِّن مَّآءٍ مَّهِينٍ

ب م

وَكَانَ فِى مَعْزِلٍ يَٰبُنَىَّ ٱرْكَب مَّعَنَا وَلَا تَكُن مَّعَ ٱلْكَٰفِرِينَ

ل ر

وَقُل رَّبِّ أَدْخِلْنِى مُدْخَلَ صِدْقٍ وَأَخْرِجْنِى مُخْرَجَ صِدْقٍ وَٱجْعَل لِّى

ن ر

قَالَ فَمَن رَّبُّكُمَا يَٰمُوسَىٰ

IDGHAAM MUTAJAANISAYN (Assimilation of related kind)
This rule applies when a letter in a word is Saakin ( ْ) and the letter following it has a Shaddah ( ّ) and when pronounced has the same place of origin as the Saakin letter. The Saakin letter will assimilate with the vocal letter when recited

ط\ت

لَئِنۢ بَسَطتَ إِلَىَّ يَدَكَ لِتَقْتُلَنِى مَآ أَنَا۠ بِبَاسِطٍ يَدِىَ إِلَيْكَ لِأَقْتُلَكَ

ت\د

قَالَ قَدْ أُجِيبَت دَّعْوَتُكُمَا فَٱسْتَقِيمَا

ذ\ظ

وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُوٓا۟ أَنفُسَهُمْ جَآءُوكَ فَٱسْتَغْفَرُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ

ت\ط

وَقَالَت طَّآئِفَةٌ مِّنْ أَهْلِ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ ءَامِنُوا۟ بِٱلَّذِىٓ أُنزِلَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟

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